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Kroll, Lucien (1927– ). Belgian architect. He set up his own practice in Brussels in 1957. He advocated ‘creative participation’ in building, by which the users would contribute to the design, in the belief that Functionalism no longer functions and that Modernism is essentially totalitarian barbarism. His work has been called ‘controlled anarchy’. His most important building is the Medical Faculty Housing at the Université Catholique, Woluvé-St-Lambert, Brussels (1970–82), perhaps an example of Adhocism, and certainly of improvisation. Other works by him include housing projects at Cergy-Pontoise (1977–83) and Marne-la-Vallée (1980–3), both in France, which involved participation by the residents; Building 20, Bethoncourt-Montbéliard (1990–3); social housing in Haarlem, The Netherlands (1985–7); ‘Ecolonia’, Alphen-aan-den-Rijn (1989–53); La Maison de La Nature, Belfort (1990–2); and the Lycée en Haute Qualité Environmentale, Caudry (1997–2001).
Jencks (1972, 1977);
L. Kroll (1983, 1987, 1996, 1996a, 2001);
Loo (ed.) (2003);
Mikellides (ed.) (1980)