Skip to main content

Gontard, Karl Philipp Christian von

Gontard, Karl Philipp Christian von (1731–91). German architect. He studied under J. -F. Blondel in Paris, and travelled in Italy (1754–5) with the Margrave and Margravine of Bayreuth. In 1763 he was called to Potsdam by the Margravine's brother, King Frederick the Great of Prussia (reigned 1740–86), and became Director of the Building Office with responsibility for all Royal buildings. He built the Communs in front of the Neues Palais (New Palace) to designs by Le Geay, as well as the Temples of Friendship and Antiquity (1768–70) in the Sanssouci Park. With G. C. Unger he designed the handsome Brandenburg Gate, Potsdam (1770), a Frenchified version of the triumphal arch reminiscent of the works of Perrault. His most important contributions to the urban fabric of Berlin were the tall cupolas he added to the French Protestant Church (by Jean-Louis Cayart (1645–1702) of 1701–5) and the New Church (by Giovanni Simonetti (1652–1716) to designs by Martin Grünberg (1655–1707) of 1701–8) in the Gendarmenmarkt, while his works at the Marmorpalais (Marble Palace), Potsdam, and Berlin Schloss (both 1786–9) were influenced by English Neo-Classicism.

Bibliography

Borrmann (1893);
Gersberg (1986);
E. Hempel (1965);
Watkin and Mellinghoff (1987);
Zieler (1913)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gontard, Karl Philipp Christian von." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Gontard, Karl Philipp Christian von." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gontard-karl-philipp-christian-von

"Gontard, Karl Philipp Christian von." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved December 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gontard-karl-philipp-christian-von

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.