Food and Nutrition
168. Food and Nutrition
See also 76. CHEESE ; 118. DINING ; 272. MILK .
- Rare. the act or habit of reclining at meals.
- Medicine. thescience of nutrition.
- Pathology. a desire for unusual or abnormal foods.
- analepsis, analepsy
- Obsolete, the nutrition of an emaciated body.
- lack of appetite, usually because of psychological reasons.
- anthropophagism, anthropophagy
- the use of human flesh for food. —anthropophagous, adj.
- autophagy, autophagia
- Medicine. 1. the eating of one’s own body.
- 2 . the nutrition of the body by its own tissues, as in dieting. —autophagous, adj.
- Bantingism, bantingism
- a diet of high protein and low fat and carbohydrate, followed in a program to lose weight, named for its developer W. Banting, 19th-century English cabinet-maker.
- the use of living organisms for food. —biophagery, n. —biophagous, adj.
- a toxic condition caused by a neurotoxin in improperly canned or preserved food.
- Rare. the science of food.
- a treatise on food.
- bulimia, boulimia
- a raging hunger or voracious appetite. Cf. hyperorexia . —bulimic, boulimic, bulimiac, boulimiac, adj.
- bulimorexia, boulimorexia
- alternating gorging of food and vomiting, usually as a result of a psychological disturbance. —bulimorexic, boulimorexic, n., adj.
- an abnormal fear of food. Also called sitophobia, sitiophobia.
- the practice of eating together at the same table. Also commensality . —commensal, n., adj.
- coprophagy, coprophagia
- feeding on excrement, as certain beetles. —coprophagous, adj.
- crapulency, crapulence
- excessive indulgence in food or drink.
- a person skilled in the preparation of food.
- a doglike appetite; insatiable desire for food.
- dystrophy, dystrophia
- poor or inadequate nutrition or growth. See also 122. DISEASE and ILLNESS .
- the habit of refined, often luxurious, enjoyment of sensuous pleasures, especially of food. —epicurean, n., adj.
- Fletcherism, fletcherism
- the practice of eating only when hungry and in small amounts, and especially chewing one’s food thoroughly, recommended as an aid to digestion by Horace Fletcher (1849-1919), American dietitian. —Fletcherite, n. —Fletcherize, v.
- the practice of subsisting chiefly on fruit. Cf. vegetarianism . —fruitarian, n., adj.
- the art or science of good eating. —gastronome, gastronomist , n. —gastronomie, adj.
- forced feeding, either of animals or humans, by inserting a tube in the throat and using a force pump.
- hippophagism, hippophagy
- the eating of horsemeat. —hippophagous, adj.
- an abnormal craving for food; a voracious and insatiable appetite. Cf. bulimia .
- Rare. the science or art of cooking. Also called magirology . —magirist , n.
- monophagism, monophagy
- the tendency to f eed on a single type of food. —monophagous, adj.
- a mania for special kinds of food. See also phagomania, sitomania.
- the ability to eat any type of food. —pantophagist , n. —pantophagous, adj.
- the study of eating or feeding habits.
- a mania for food and eating. See also opsomania , sitomania .
- an abnormal fear of eating.
- polyphagia, polyphagy
- 1 . a desire for all kinds of food.
- 2 . Med. excessive or gluttonous consumption of food. —polyphagian, n. —polyphagic, polyphagous, adj.
- a strong aversion to protein foods.
- Rare. the act, practice, or custom of eating flesh. —sarcophagous, adj.
- an obsession with food. See also phagomania, opsomania .
- sitophobia, sitiophobia
- Ancient Greece. the master of a feast or symposium; hence, a person presiding over a banquet or formal discussion.
- the practice or custom, as among the ancient Spartans and Cretans, of eating the main meal of the day together in public to strengthen social and political bonds.
- a form of food-poisoning, caused by infestation by Trichinella spiralis. — trichinous, adj.
- the nourishment of the tissues. —trophic, adj.
- Medicine. the science of nutrition; alimentology.
- the form of protoplasm that constitutes the nutritive element of a cell. —trophoplasmic, —trophoplasmatic, adj.
- a treatise on tea.
- the practice of subsisting chiefly or strictly on vegetables. —vegetarian, n., adj.
- xerophagia, xerophagy
- 1 . fasting for religious or other purposes.
- 2 . the act or custom of eating only dry food or a very light diet.
- zeism, zeismus
- a skin disease, thought to be the result of excessive consumption of corn.
- a treatment for disease or illness consisting of a diet of raw meat.
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