Skip to main content

Filarete, IL

Filarete, IL ( Antonio di Pietro Averlino (c.1400–69)). Florentine sculptor and architect, his pseudonym, by which he is known, means ‘Lover of Virtue’ (or Virtù). His importance lies in his promotion of the early Renaissance style, and in his Trattato d'architet-tura or Libro architettonico (1461–4), which was widely circulated, though not published until C19: Vasari had no high opinion of it. It includes plans for ideal cities (Sforzinda and Plousiapolis) as well as an ingenious ten-storey House of Vice and Virtue complete with whorehouse and observatory. It also proposed (perhaps taking the basic idea from Vitruvius) using the Greek Orders to suggest social classes, a form of associationism. He seems to have designed Bergamo Cathedral (from 1455— extensively rebuilt in C17), but his major architectural work was the Ospedale Maggiore (Cà Granda), Milan, designed on a complex symmetrical plan, only part of which was built, including arcades (1456) rather coarser than Brunelleschi's work in Florence. However, the idea of designing for the isolation of patients into wards probably makes the Milan building the first scientific modern hospital of our era, and was influential in the following centuries. He may have been involved in the design of the Cà del Duca, Venice (1445–61).

Bibliography

Filarete (1965);
Heydenreich (1996);
Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, xxxiv (1971), 96–114, xxxv (1972), 391–7;
P. Murray (1986);
Onians (1988);
Patetta (1987);
Tigler (1963);
E. Welch (1995)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Filarete, IL." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Filarete, IL." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/filarete-il

"Filarete, IL." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved August 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/filarete-il

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.