Eigtved, Nils, Niels, or Nicolai (1701–54). Danish architect. He trained (1725–33) under Carl Friedrich Pöppelmann (d. 1750) in Dresden and Warsaw before returning to Copenhagen, where he became Court Architect and was largely responsible for laying out the Frederiksstaden Quarter, with its octagonal Amalienborg Square (1750–5), the finest and most noble composition of its time in Denmark, influenced by the work of Juvarra and by Parisian hôtels. He also designed the Royal Theatre (1750), Frederik Hospital (1752), and several Rococo interiors and other works at Christiansborg Palace (1755–6—destroyed by fire in 1794, apart from the charming entrance-pavilions and bridge). His work was exquisitely refined and delicate.
Jane Turner (1996);
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