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Daly, César-Denis

Daly, César-Denis (1811–93). The most important French architectural editor and journalist of the second half of C19. He was brought up in England, studied architecture under Duban, and later directed the Revue Générale de L'Architecture et des Traveaux Publics (1839–90), France's first illustrated architectural journal, and La Semaine des Constructeurs (1876–97). His most influential work was L'Architecture privée au XIXme siècle (1864–77), a many-volumed pattern-book of domestic architecture in the era of Napoleon III (reigned 1852–70) and after. L'Architecture Funéraire Contemporaine (1871) is a richly illustrated record of French cemetery art of the period. He was responsible for the restoration of Albi Cathedral (1844–77). During his career, he gave critical support to Barry, Duc, Garnier, Labrouste, and Vaudoyer, among others, and he was an admirer of François-Marie-Charles Fourier (1772–1885), the social theorist, who had an affection for the ellipse, also espoused by Daly. Indeed, Daly had been involved with the Fourierists since the 1830s, and had contributed articles and money to La Phalange, La Démocratie Pacifique, and other journals. As early as 1833 he had proposed a scheme for communal phalanstères for 400 children. During 1849 plans were made to found a Fourierist colony in TX, and La Réunion, near Dallas, was founded in 1855: Daly travelled to TX, and was a member of the Board of Directors, but did not remain long, probably because of internal dissent. In 1856 he visited Central America where he discovered important pre-Columbian ruins, and returned to Paris in 1857 a changed man, his pro-Fourierist notions dissipated. Thereafter he promoted the single-family suburban villa as the ideal home rather than the phalanstère. He and Viollet-le-Duc were founding members of the Société d'Ethnographie Americaine et Orientale (1858), charged with encouraging pre-Columbian archaeology in Mexico.

Bibliography

Becherer (1984);
Daly (1840–90, 1848, 1864, 1869, 1871, 1871a, 1877, 1880, n.d.);
Daly & and Davioud 1874;
Lipstadt & and Mendelsohn (1980)

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