Skip to main content


Chrismon. The sacred monogram, an arrangement of the first three Greek letters (Chi, Rho, and Iota) of XPIΣTOΣ Christ's name, also called Christogram, which suggests the Cross as well as pax (peace). Another version is, the initial letters of Iησoύ̩ς Xριστoς ( Jesus Christ) and the first two letters of ιχΘύ̩ς the Greek for ‘fish’, a symbol of the Faith and of Baptism. Other sacred symbols associated with Christ are A (Alpha) and Ω (Omega)—the Beginning and the End; INRI (Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum (Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews), or In Nobis Regnat Iesus (Jesus Reigns In Us), or Igne Natura Renovatur Integra (Nature is Regenerated by Fire—referring to the Spirit and to Redemption) ); IHS (variously explained as the first two and last Greek capital letters of IHΣOYΣ, Christ's first name (IHC, the Iota, Eta, and Sigma, given as Σ, C, or the Latin S), Iesus Hominum Salvator (Jesus the Saviour of Man), In Hoc Signo (In This Sign [Thou Shalt Conquer]), and In Hac Salus (In This [Cross] is Salvation).


Dirsztay (1978);
G. Ferguson (1961);
Whone (1990)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Chrismon." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . 24 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Chrismon." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . (April 24, 2019).

"Chrismon." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.