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radiosonde

radiosonde (rā´dēōsŏnd), group of instruments for simultaneous measurement and radio transmission of meteorological data, including temperature, pressure, and humidity of the atmosphere. The instrument package is usually carried into the atmosphere by a balloon (see weather balloon); balloon-borne radiosondes reach altitudes as great as 90,000 ft (27,400 m) above the earth's surface. A radiosonde may also be carried by a rocket, in which case it is known as a rocketsonde, or dropped by parachute (usually from an aircraft), in which case it is known as a dropsonde. Instruments included in a radiosonde are typically transducers for humidity, temperature, and pressure measurements; controls to improve return signals and determine which measurements are to be transmitted to data stations; and a radio transmitter. Radar also has been used to measure and transmit meteorological data from a radiosonde. These radiosonde observations are made as often as four times daily at some meteorological stations around the globe.

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radiosonde

radiosonde Instrument, comprising an aneroid barometer and sensors for temperature and humidity, that is carried aloft to the upper atmosphere by a balloon that ascends at about 5 m/s. Data is transmitted to the surface by radio. See also RAWINSONDE.

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rawinsonde

rawinsonde Radiosonde that is tracked by radio or radar to observe wind characteristics as well as to record temperature, pressure and humidity.

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