Ouchi, William G(eorge) 1943-
OUCHI, William G(eorge) 1943-
PERSONAL: Born June 28, 1943, in Honolulu, HI; son of Sugao (a dentist) and Shizuko (an educator; maiden name, Nakano) Ouchi; married Carol Kagawa (a homemaker), June 19, 1966; children: Sarah Ayako, Jennifer Nakano, Andrew Sugao. Education: Williams College, A.B., 1965; Stanford University, M.B.A., 1967; University of Chicago, Ph.D., 1972. Politics: Republican. Religion: Congregationalist.
CAREER: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, instructor in organizational behavior, 1971-72; National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, associate study director, 1971-72; Stanford University, Stanford, CA, assistant professor, 1971-74, associate professor of organizational behavior, 1975-79; University of California—Los Angeles, Los Angeles, professor of management, beginning 1979.
MEMBER: American Sociological Association, Academy of Management.
AWARDS, HONORS: Grand Prix des Meilleurs Livres de Management, University of Paris, 1982, for Theory Z: How American Business Can Meet the Japanese Challenge; D.Litt., Williams College, 1983; Woman Warrior Award, Asian-Pacific Women's Network, 1987.
Theory Z: How American Business Can Meet the Japanese Challenge, Addison-Wesley (Reading, MA), 1981.
Making Schools Work: A Revolutionary Plan to Get Your Children the Education They Need, Simon & Schuster (New York, NY), 2003.
Contributor to books, including Information Technology and Organizational Change, edited by T. L. Whistler, Wadsworth Publishing (Belmont, CA), 1969; The Organizational Life Cycle, edited by J. R. Kimberly, R. H. Miles, and others, Jossey-Bass (San Francisco, CA), 1980; Assessing Organization Design and Performance, edited by A. H. Van de Ven and W. F. Joyce, Wiley (New York, NY), 1981; Exploring the New Management, edited by R. M. Fulmer and T. T. Herbert, Macmillan (New York, NY), 1982; and Management by Japanese Systems, Volume II, edited by Sang Lee, Praeger (New York, NY), 1983. Contributor of articles and reviews to management journals.
SIDELIGHTS: In Theory Z: How American Business Can Meet the Japanese Challenge, which became a best-seller due to increasing public concern about the role of U.S. business in the world marketplace, William G. Ouchi postulates that the most successful corporations, whether Japanese or American, are those that nurture their human resources. He calls for an end to the adversarial relationship between management and workers that has permeated American business for many years. Ouchi describes an alternative that has enhanced Japanese productivity and profits: an emphasis on long-term goals, in terms of both profits and lifetime careers for workers, coupled with the encouragement of worker participation in management strategy and decision making.
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
Los Angeles Times Book Review, May 31, 1981.
New York Times, May 2, 1981; July 26, 1981.
New York Times Book Review, July 5, 1981.
Washington Post Book World, May 17, 1981.*