Skip to main content

Marmor, Judd 1910-2003

MARMOR, Judd 1910-2003

OBITUARY NOTICE—

See index for CA sketch: Born May 1, 1910, in London, England; died December 16, 2003, in Los Angeles, CA. Psychiatrist, educator, and author. Marmor is most often remembered for his stance against classifying homosexuality as a mental illness, which resulted in the 1973 declassification of homosexuality as a disease by the American Psychiatric Association. Earning his medical degree from Columbia University in 1933, he trained as a psychoanalyst at the New York Psychoanalyst Institute in the late 1930s. Marmor served in the U.S. Navy during World War II, and after the war settled in Los Angeles, where he set up a private practice. From 1965 until 1972, he was also director of psychiatry at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. He next turned to teaching as a professor at the University of Southern California's School of Medicine until 1980; this was followed by five years as an adjunct professor of psychiatry at the University of California at Los Angeles. It was during his teaching days that Marmor entered the spotlight for his assertion that homosexuals were not mentally ill. He based this conclusion on his personal work with homosexuals in his private practice and on research published by UCLA psychologist Evelyn Hooker. Marmor's convincing arguments before the members of the American Psychiatric Association are credited with that organization's pivotal 1973 vote to remove homosexuality from its diagnostic manual; the American Psychological Association followed suit soon after this decision. Since then, this development has been viewed by many homosexual rights advocates as a major stepping stone toward the passage of pro-rights legislation. In addition to his work as a psychiatrist and professor, Marmor was the author of Psychiatrists and Their Patients: A National Study of Private Office Practice (1975), and was an editor or coeditor of several important texts, many of which deal with homosexuality, including Sexual Inversion: The Multiple Roots of Homosexuality (1965), Homosexual Behavior: A Modern Reappraisal (1980), and Growing Up before Stonewall: Life Stories of Some Gay Men (1994).

OBITUARIES AND OTHER SOURCES:

PERIODICALS

Los Angeles Times, December 20, 2003, p. B20.

New York Times, December 19, 2003, p. C15.

Washington Post, December 22, 2003, p. B4.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Marmor, Judd 1910-2003." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Marmor, Judd 1910-2003." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/marmor-judd-1910-2003

"Marmor, Judd 1910-2003." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved November 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/marmor-judd-1910-2003

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.