Marmara University was founded as a vocational school in 1883 under the name of Hamidiye Higher School of Business. Until the 1960s, it comprised three separate divisions (secondary, high school, and college). Its title was changed first to Istanbul Academy of Economics and Business Administration in 1959 and later, in 1982, to Marmara University, after the Sea of Marmara, on which it is located. Today, the university has thirteen faculties (education; communications; dentistry; divinity; economics and administrative sciences; engineering; fine arts; health education; law; medicine; pharmacology; science and letters; and technical education), nine vocational schools, and eleven research institutes. It has twelve separate campuses and is one of the most prestigious universities in Turkey.
English is the language of instruction in medicine and in some branches of engineering and social sciences, whereas French is used in the program of public administration. Turkish constitutes the medium of instruction in the rest of the academic units. During the 1998–1999 academic year, the university had 2,539 faculty members and 51,024 students. Its 2003 budget amounted to 93,747 billion Turkish lire, 99 percent of which came directly from state funds.
Marmara University. Available at <http://www.marmara.edu.tr/Genel/?id=3>. (The university does not have an English web site, but brief information about the school can be found at <http://www.worldmedline.8k.com/contact.html>.)
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