Kaplan, Robert B. 1929-
KAPLAN, Robert B. 1929-
PERSONAL: Born September 20, 1929; son of E. B. (a physician) and Natalie (Iretzky) Kaplan; married Audrey A. Lien, April 21, 1951; children: Robin Ann, Lisa, Robert Allen. Education: Willamette University, A.B., 1952; University of Southern California, M.A., 1957, Ph.D., 1963. Hobbies and other interests: Collecting conchological specimens, weapons, and rare books.
ADDRESSES: Office—P.O. Box 577, Port Angeles, WA 98362.
CAREER: University of Oregon, Eugene, instructor in English, 1957-60; University of Southern California, Los Angeles, instructor in English Communication Program for Foreign Students, 1961-62, coordinator of program, 1962-63, director of program, 1966-73, assistant professor of English, 1963-65, associate professor of English and linguistics, 1965-73, professor of applied linguistics, 1973-95, professor emeritus, 1995—, chairman of department of linguistics, 1967-69 and 1977-78, associate dean of Continuing Education, 1973-76, director of American Language Institute, 1986-91, distinguished visiting professor of applied linguistics, Meikai University, Japan, 1998-2000. Editor-in-chief, Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, Newbury House, 1979-84, Cambridge University Press, 1984—. Speaker at national and international conferences on linguistics and related areas. Military service: U.S. Army, 1953-55; served in Japan and Korea.
MEMBER: International Cultural Society of Korea (honorary fellow), American Association for Applied Linguistics (president, 1993-94), Linguistics Society of America, American Anthropological Association, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Council of Teachers of Foreign Languages, National Council of Teachers of English, Conference on College Composition and Communication, National Association for Foreign Student Affairs (field service consultant, 1966-86; president, 1983), American Association of University Professors, Association of Teachers of English as a Second Language (president, 1968), Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (president, 1990), English-Speaking Union, Canadian Council of Teachers of English, Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (fellow), Australian Association for Applied Linguistics.
Reading and Rhetoric, Odyssey (New York, NY), 1963.
Teachers Guide to Transformational Grammar, English Language Services, 1968.
Learning English through Typewriting, English Language Services, 1969.
The Anatomy of Rhetoric: Prolegomena to a Functional Theory of Rhetoric; Essays for Teachers, Center for Curriculum Development (Philadelphia, PA), 1972.
(Editor) On the Scope of Applied Linguistics, Newbury House (Rowley, MA), 1980.
(With Peter A. Shaw) Exploring Academic Discourse: A Textbook for Advanced Level ESL Reading and Writing Students, Newbury House (Rowley, MA), 1984.
(Editor, with Ulla Connor) Writing across Languages, Addison-Wesley (Reading, MA), 1986.
(With William Grabe) Introduction to Applied Linguistics, Addison-Wesley (Reading, MA), 1992.
(With William Grabe) Theory and Practice of Writing: An Applied Linguistic Perspective, Longman (New York, NY), 1996.
(With Richard B. Baldauf) Language Planning from Practice to Theory, Multilingual Matters (Philadelphia, PA), 1997.
(Editor, with Richard B. Baldauf) Language Planning in Malawi, Mozambique, and the Philippines, Multilingual Matters (Philadelphia, PA), 1999.
(Editor, with Richard B. Baldauf) Language Planning in Nepal, Taiwan, and Sweden, Multilingual Matters (Philadelphia, PA), 2000.
(Editor) The Oxford Handbook of Applied Linguistics, Oxford University Press (New York, NY), 2002.
(With Bauldauf) Language and Language-in-Education Planning in the Pacific Basin, Kluwer (Dordrecht), 2003.
Preparing the EFL Teacher: A Projection for the Seventies, Center for Curriculum Development (Philadelphia, PA), 1970.
Harold B. Allen, editor, Teaching English As a Second Language: A Book of Readings, McGraw-Hill (New York, NY), 2nd edition, 1972.
Kenneth Croft, editor, Readings on English As a Second Language for Teachers and Teacher-Trainees, Winthrop, 1972.
William B. Brickman and Stanley Lehrer, editors, Education and the Many Faces of the Disadvantaged: Cultural and Historical Perspectives, Wiley (New York, NY), 1972.
E. C. Polome and others, editors, Linguistic and Literary Studies, Mouton (Paris, France), 1979.
John F. Povey, editor, Language Planning and Language Teaching: Essays in Honor of Clifford H. Prator, English Language Services, 1980.
H. M. Jenkins, editor, Students and Scholars in International Educational Exchange, Jossey-Bass (San Francisco, CA), 1983.
Also contributor to W. Enninger and L. M. Haynes, editors, Studies in Language Ecology, 1984; E. G. Barber, P. G. Altman, and R. G. Myers, editors, Bridges to Knowledge, 1984; J. Valdes, editor, Culture Bound, 1986; C. Purves, editor, Writing across Languages and Cultures: Issues in Contrastive Rhetoric, 1988; D. M. Johnson and D. H. Roen, editors, Richness in Writing, 1989; R. B. Baldauf and A. Luke, editors, Language Planning and Education in Australasia and the South Pacific, 1990; H. Schröder, editor, Subject-oriented Text: Languages for Special Purposes and Text Theory, 1991; W. Bright, et al., editors, International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, 1991; S. Sirangi and M. Coulthard, editors, Discourse and Social Life, 1999; R. D. Gonzalez and I. Melis, editors, Language Ideologies: Critical Perspectives on the Official English Movement, 2000; P. M. Ryan and R. Terborg, editors, Language: Issues of Inequality, 2003.
WORK IN PROGRESS: Research projects in applied linguistics, in text linguistics, and in language planning, as well as in English-as-a-second-language teaching and testing.
SIDELIGHTS: Robert B. Kaplan is "reasonably proficient" in Russian and French, though he does linguistic work in a number of languages. He once told CA, "The titles of my writings are technical, largely concerned with language, but in all of them there is a basic concern to improve the human condition through a better understanding of how and why human beings use written language."
In 1999 Kaplan and coeditor Richard B. Baldauf inaugurated a new series, "Current Issues in Language Planning." Titles in the series include Language Planning in Nepal, Taiwan and Sweden and Language Planning in Malawi, Mozambique and the Philippines. Mohamed Maamouri in the Comparative Education Review stated that the series "is an important and most welcome addition to the international language policy and planning literature." In his Comparative Education Review piece on Language Planning in Nepal, Taiwan and Sweden, Maamouri contended that the work "is strongly recommended for the amount of information it provides to scholars interested in international comparative education." The critic added, "I believe that the studies presented here, and similar ones in the other series volumes, will significantly contribute, in the long run, to developing useful language policy and planning theoretical guidelines."
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
Comparative Education Review, August, 2001, Mohamed Maamouri, review of Language Planning in Malawi, Mozambique and the Philippines, p. 430; November, 2001, Mohamed Maamouri, review of Language Planning in Nepal, Taiwan and Sweden, p. 632.*