Gregory, Paul R. 1941- (Paul Roderick Gregory)

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Gregory, Paul R. 1941- (Paul Roderick Gregory)


Born February 10, 1941, in San Angelo, TX; son of Peter Paul (an engineer) and Elizabeth Gregory; married Annemarie I. Schultz, October 4, 1965; children: Mischa, Andrei. Education: University of Oklahoma, B.A., 1963, M.A., 1964; Free University of Berlin, graduate study, 1964-65; Harvard University, Ph.D., 1969.


Office—Department of Economics, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77004.


Economist, educator, and writer. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, Russian Research Center staff member, 1966-69, teaching assistant, 1967-69; University of Oklahoma, Norman, assistant professor of economics, 1969-72; University of Houston, Houston, TX, associate professor of economics, 1972-75, director of graduate studies in the Department of Economics, 1974-77, professor of economics, 1975—, chairman of the Department of Economics, 1982-85, Baker Hughes Professor of Economics and Finance, 1989-92, Cullen Professor of Economics, 1993—; German Institute for Economic Research, Berlin, Germany, research professor. Also visiting appointments, including visiting scholar and Humboldt Fellow, Institute für Osteuropaische Geschichte, University of Tubingen, summer, 1975-77; International Volkswagen Fellow, Bundesinstitut fur internationale- und ostwissenschaftliche Studien, Cologne, spring-summer, 1987; visiting fellow, Population, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, spring-summer, 1980; visiting professor, Economic History, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, November-December, 1996; advisor to Ministry of Economics of Ukraine, November 1998-January 1999; visiting professor of economics, Europe-University Viadrina, Frankfurt/Oder, Germany, summer semester, 1999; and visiting fellow, Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung-Berlin, Germany, summer, 1999.


American Economic Association, Phi Beta Kappa, Omicron Delta Epsilon, Omicron Delta Kappa.


Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship; Fulbright Fellowship; National Defense Foreign Language Fellowship; National Defense Education Act Fellowship; Foreign Area Fellowship; Free University of Berlin Award; Bass Memorial Fellowship; Volkswagen Senior Fellow for Advanced Soviet and East European Studies; Hewett Book Prize; J.M. Montias Prize, for the best article in the Journal of Comparative Economics. Also recipient of numerous research grants.


Socialist and Nonsocialist Industrialization Patterns, Praeger (New York, NY), 1970.

Soviet Economic Structure and Performance, Harper (New York, NY), 1974, 7th edition published as Russian and Soviet Economic Performance and Structure, Addison-Wesley (Boston, MA), 2001.

(With Robert C. Stuart) Comparative Economic Systems, Houghton Mifflin (Boston, MA), 1980, 7th edition published as Comparing Economic Systems in the Twenty-first Century, 2004.

(With Roy J. Ruffin) Principles of Economics, Scott, Foresman (Glenview, IL), 1983, 7th edition, Addison Wesley (Boston, MA), 2001.

(With Roy J. Ruffin) Essentials of Economics, Scott, Foresman (Glenview, IL), 1986, 6th edition, Pearson/Addison Wesley (Boston, MA), 2005.

(With Roy J. Ruffin) Basic Economics, Scott, Foresman (Glenview, IL), 1989.

(With Roy J. Ruffin) Basic Macroeconomics, Scott, Foresman (Glenview, IL), 1989.

(With Roy J. Ruffin) Basic Microeconomics, Scott, Foresman (Glenview, IL), 1989.

The Institutional Background of the Soviet Enterprise: The Planning Apparatus and the Ministries, Bundesinstitut fur Ostwissenschaftliche und Internationale Studien (Koln, Germany), 1989.

Restructuring the Soviet Economic Bureaucracy, Cambridge University Press (New York, NY), 1990.

Before Command: An Economic History of Russia from Emancipation to the First Five-year Plan, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ), 1994.

(With Roy J. Ruffin) Economics, HarperCollins (New York, NY), 1994.

(With Roy J. Ruffin) Macroeconomics, HarperCollins (New York, NY), 1994, 7th edition published as Principles of Macroeconomics, Addison-Wesley (Boston, MA), 2001.

(With Roy J. Ruffin) Microeconomics, HarperCollins (New York, NY), 1994.

(Editor) Behind the Facade of Stalin's Command Economy: Evidence from the Soviet State and Party Archives, Hoover Institution Press (Stanford, CT), 2001.

(Editor, with Valery Lazarev) The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag, foreword by Robert Conquest, Hoover Institution Press (Stanford, CA), 2003.

The Political Economy of Stalinism: Evidence from the Soviet Secret Archives, Cambridge University Press (New York, NY), 2004.

(With L.I. Borodkin and O.V. Khlevniï) Gulag: Ekonomika Prinuditelnogo Truda, ROSSPEN (Moscow, Russia), 2005.

Lenin's Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives, Hoover Institution Press (Stanford, CA), 2007.

Contributor to books, including Economic Welfare and the Economics of Soviet Socialism, edited by Steven Rosefield, Cambridge University Press, 1981; Politics, Work, and Daily Life in the Soviet Union, edited by J. Millar, Cambridge University Press, 1987; The Soviet Economy: From NEP to Five Year Plan, edited by R.W. Davies, Macmillan, 1990; The Soviet Economy under Gorbachev, NATO, 1992; Cracks in the Monolith: Party Power in the Brezhnev Era, edited by James Millar, Share, 1992; also contributor to books in fields of transition economics, economic history, comparative economics, economic demography, and energy economics. Contributor to journals, including Soviet Studies, Southern Economic Journal, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Review of Economics and Statistics, American Economic Review, and International Economic Review. Contributor to Web sites, including H-Net Review. Has served on the editorial boards of journals, including Comparative Economic Studies, Slavic Review, Journal of Comparative Economics, Problems of Post-Communism, and Explorations in Economic History. Also served on the editorial board of the seven-volume Gulag documentary series titled The History of the Stalin Gulag, published jointly by the Hoover Institution and the Russian Archival Service.


Economist Paul R. Gregory is an expert in economic history, Soviet and Russian economics, and transition economics. He has written and edited numerous books and written many articles on these topics and on comparative economics and economic demography. For example, in Before Command: An Economic History of Russia from Emancipation to the First Five-year Plan, the author examines the economic growth of pre-Stalinist Russia. "For the interested reader here is a valuable, concise and clear commentary," noted Roger Munting in Business History. "It should become a reference point for all related research and writing." Peter Gatrell, writing in Europe-Asia Studies, noted that Before Command "commends itself not only as a stimulating think-piece for Russia's economic reformers, but also as a treasure-trove of research proposals for the next generation of economic historians."

The Political Economy of Stalinism: Evidence from the Soviet Secret Archives was called "a major step forward in the political and economic analysis of the Soviet system" by Independent Review contributor Peter Boettke. Published in 2004, the book explores why the Soviet economy failed, focusing on whether it was the administrative-command economic system itself that faltered or whether it was the leaders, such as Joseph Stalin, who caused the failure. Basing his analysis on the formerly secret archives of the Soviet state and Communist Party, the author concludes that it was the economic system that ultimately was flawed and caused the system's failure. The author points to numerous factors that helped cause the failure, such as unreliable supplies and the preferential treatment of indigenous enterprises. "Gregory's book on the creation of the Soviet administrative-command economy in the 1930s constitutes a new stage in the studies of the economic history and political economy of the former Soviet Union," noted Gennadi Kazakevitch in the Economic Record. Referring to The Political Economy of Stalinism as a "coherently written and well-argued book," History: Review of New Books contributor Irina Mukhina added: "This work should be of interest to economists, historians, and advanced students of Soviet history."



Business History, January, 1996, Roger Munting, review of Before Command: An Economic History of Russia from Emancipation to the First Five-year Plan, p. 146.

Comparative Economic Studies, June, 2005, Paul Gregory, "The Political Economy of Stalinism: A Bergson Retrospective," p. 402.

Economic Record, March, 2005, Gennadi Kazakevitch, review of The Political Economy of Stalinism: Evidence from the Soviet Secret Archives, p. 90.

Europe-Asia Studies, March, 1995, Peter Gatrell, review of Before Command, p. 363.

Historian, spring, 1996, Charles E. Timberlake, review of Before Command, p. 683.

History: Review of New Books, spring, 2004, Irina Mukhina, review of The Political Economy of Stalinism, p. 113.

Independent Review, spring, 2006, Peter Boettke, review of The Political Economy of Stalinism, p. 622.


Hoover Institution Web site, (April 7, 2008), faculty profile of author.

University of Houston Web site, (April 7, 2008), author's CV.

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Gregory, Paul R. 1941- (Paul Roderick Gregory)

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