Wieniawski, Jozef

views updated

Wieniawski, Jozef

Wieniawski, Jozef, distinguished Polish pianist, pedagogue, and composer, brother of Henryk Wieniawski and uncle of Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski; b.Lublin, May 23, 1837; d. Brussels, Nov. 11, 1912. He studied piano with Synek in Lublin, and at age 10 entered the Paris Cons., where he received lessons in piano from Zimmerman, Marmontel, and Alkan and in composition from LeCouppey (graduated, 1850). He toured Russia with his brother (1851-53), then was awarded a scholarship from the Czar for study with Liszt in Weimar (1855-56); he received training in theory from A.B. Marx in Berlin (1856-58). Wieniawski taught piano at the Russian Musical Soc. in Moscow (1864-65), then taught piano for one term at the Moscow Cons, before resuming private teaching. In 1875-76 he was director of the Warsaw Musical Soc, with which he appeared as a chamber music artist and as a choral conductor. He then was prof, of piano at the Brussels Cons. (1878-1912).


orch: Sym.; Piano Concerto; Fantasia for 2 Pianos and Orch.; Suite romantique; Guillaume de Paciturne, overture. CHAMBER: Violin Sonata; Cello Sonata; String Quartet; Piano Trio. P i a n o : 5 waltzes; 2 tarantellas; 3 fantasias; 2 barcarolles; 4 polonaises; Sonata; 9 mazurkas; 2 études de concert; 24 études. VOCAL: Various pieces.


J. Delcroix, Joseph W.: Notices biographiques et anecdot-iques (Brussels, 1908).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire