St Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra

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St Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra. Orch. based in St Petersburg. Founded 1921 (as Leningrad PO) from pre-Revolutionary court orch. Prin. conds. Emil Cooper (1921–2), Nikolay Malko (1926–9), Alexander Gauk (1930–3), Fritz Stiedry (1934–7), Evgeny Mravinsky (1938–88, jointly with Kurt Sanderling 1941–60), Yury Temirkanov from 1988. Also closely ass. with it have been Arvid Yansons and his son Mariss Jansons. Gave of Shostakovich syms. Nos. 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, and 14. Name changed to St Petersburg PO 1991.