Skip to main content

Ringer, Alexander L(othar)

Ringer, Alexander L(othar)

Ringer, Alexander L(othar) , American musicologist; b. Berlin (of Dutch parents), Feb. 3, 1921. He attended the Hollander Cons. in Berlin. In 1939 went to Amsterdam, where he studied composition with Henk Badings. In 1946 he emigrated to the U.S., and continued his education at the New School for Social Research in N.Y. (M.A., 1949) and at Columbia Univ. (Ph.D., 1955). He taught at the City Coll. of N.Y. (1948–52), the Univ. of Pa. (1952–55), the Univ. of Calif., Berkeley (1955–56), and the Univ. of Okla. (1956–58). In 1958 he was appointed to the faculty of the Univ. of 111. in Urbana; also was a regular guest lecturer at the Hebrew Univ. in Jerusalem. He contributed many articles to the Musical Quarterly; also publ. the study Arnold Schoen-berg: The Composer as Jew (Oxford, 1990).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ringer, Alexander L(othar)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ringer, Alexander L(othar)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ringer-alexander-lothar

"Ringer, Alexander L(othar)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ringer-alexander-lothar

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.