Skip to main content

Ringer, Alexander L(othar) 1921-2002

RINGER, Alexander L(othar) 1921-2002

OBITUARY NOTICE—See index for CA sketch: Born February 3, 1921, in Berlin, Germany; died May 3, 2002, in Lansing, MI. Educator and author. Ringer was a professor of music and an expert on such areas as nineteenth-century music. He studied music in Europe, receiving a bachelor's degree from the University of Amsterdam in 1947, before coming to the United States, where he earned his master's degree in 1949 from the New School for Social Research and a Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1955. He then embarked on a long academic career. During the 1950s he taught music at the City College of the City University of New York, the University of California at Berkeley, and the University of Oklahoma. In 1958 he joined the University of Illinois, where he remained for the rest of his career, becoming emeritus professor in 1991. Always encouraging to his students, Ringer was a well regarded teacher who was also an expert on such composers as Arnold Schoenberg, Harrison Kerr, and George Rochberg, as well as on the music of Hebrew, Middle Eastern, and Dutch cultures. He was the author of several titles, including Arnold Schoenberg and the Prophetic Image in Music (1979), Arnold Schoenberg: The Composer as Jew (1990), and Beethoven: Interpretationen seiner Werke (1994).

OBITUARIES AND OTHER SOURCES:

PERIODICALS

Chicago Tribune, May 11, 2002, section 1, p. 24.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ringer, Alexander L(othar) 1921-2002." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ringer, Alexander L(othar) 1921-2002." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/ringer-alexander-lothar-1921-2002

"Ringer, Alexander L(othar) 1921-2002." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/ringer-alexander-lothar-1921-2002

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.