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Riepel, Joseph

Riepel, Joseph

Riepel, Joseph , Austrian violinist, music theorist, and composer; b. Horschlag (baptized), Jan. 22, 1709; d. Regensburg, Oct. 23, 1782. He studied philosophy at the Univ. of Graz, then music in Dresden (1740–5). He was a musician in the chapel of the count of Thurn und Taxis in Regensburg from 1751. His historical importance rests upon his valuable treatises. He composed syms., 3 violin concertos with string quartet accompaniment, divertimentos, canons, etc.

Writings

Anfangsgründe zur musikalischen Setzkunst, nicht zwar nach altmathematischer Einbildungsart der Zirkel-Harmonisten, sondern durchgehends mit sichtbaren Exemplen abge-fasset, I, De rhythmopoeia oder Von der Taktordnung (Regensburg and Vienna, 1752; 2nd ed., 1754); II, Grundregeln der Tonordnung insgemein (Frankfurt am Main and Leipzig, 1755); Ill, Gründliche Erklärung der Tonordnung insbesondere, zugleich aber für die mehresten Organisten insgemein (Frankfurt am Main and Leipzig, 1757); IV, Erläuterung der betrüglichen Tonordnung (Augsburg, 1765); V, Unentbehrliche Anmerkungen zum Kontrapunkt (Regensburg, 1768); Harmonisches Silbenmass, Dichtern melodischer Werke gewidmet und angehenden Singkomponisten zur Einsicht mit platten Beispielen gesprächweise abgefasst (2 vols., Regensburg, 1776; vol. 3 in MS); Basschlüssel, das ist Anleitung für Anfanger und Liebhaber der Setkunst (ed. by J. Schubarth, Regensburg, 1786).

Bibliography

W. Twittenhoff, Die musiktheoretischen Schriften J. R.s (Halle, 1935); E. Schwarzmaier, Die Takt- und Tonordnung J. R.s (Wolfenbüttel, 1936); J. Merkl, J. R. als Komponist (Kallmünz, 1937); A. Feil, Satztechnische Fragen in den Kompositionslehren von F.E. Niedt, J. R., und H.Chr. Koch (Heidelberg, 1955).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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