Nunes, Emmanuel, Portuguese-born French composer and teacher; b. Lisbon, Aug. 31, 1941. He studied at the Lisbon Academy of Music (until 1964), at the summer courses in new music at Darmstadt (1963–65), with Pousseur and Stockhausen at the Cologne Staatliche Hochschule für Musik (1965–67), and with Marcel Beaufils at the Paris Cons, (premier prix in aesthetics, 1970). In 1978–79 he was in Berlin under the auspices of the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst. He taught at the Freiburg im Breisgau Hochschule für Musik and lectured at the Paris Cons. His works are technically assured and inventive. They have become increasingly compact, tense, and extreme in character.
orch.:Seuils I and II (1966–67; rev. 1977–78); Un calendrier révolu for Chamber Orch. (1968); Purieu for 21 Strings (1971); Down Wo for 13 Winds (1971–72); Omens I (1972) and II (1975); Fermata (1973); Es webt (1974–75; rev. 1977); Ruf (1975–77); Chessed I for 4 Orch. Groups (1979), 77 for 16 Solo Instruments (1979), and IV for String Quartet and Orch. (1992); Tifereth for 6 Solo Instruments, 6 Orch. Groups, and 2 Conductors (1978–85); Musik der Frühe for 18 Instruments (1980; rev. 1984–86); Nachtmusik II (1981); Stretti for 2 Orchs. (1982–83); Wandlungen for 25 Instruments and Electronics (1986); Lichtung for Orch. and Electronics (1988–92); Quodlibet for 3 Instrumental Ensembles (1990–91). chamber:Degrés for String Trio (1965); Esquisses for String Quartet (1967; rev. 1980); Impromptu pour un voyage I for Trombone, Flute, Viola, and Harp (1973) and II for Alto Flute, Viola, and Harp (1974–75; rev. 1992); The Blending Season for Flute, Alto, Clarinet, Electric Organ, and Amplification (1973; rev. 1976–77 and 1992); Nachtmusik I for Viola, Cello, English Horn, Bass Clarinet, Trombone, and Modulation (1977–78); Einspielung I for Violin (1979), II for Cello (1980), and III for Viola (1981); Grund for Flute and Tape (1982–83); Aura for Flute (1983–89); Sonate a tre for String Trio (1986); Clivages I (1987); and II (1988) for 6 Percussionists; Chessed III for String Quartet (1990–91). vocal:Minnesang for 12 Voices (1975–76); Vislumbre for Chorus (1981–86); Machina Mundi for Chorus and Orch. (1991–92).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire