Markowski, Andrzej, Polish conductor and composer; b. Lublin, Aug. 22, 1924; d. Warsaw, Oct. 30, 1986. He studied theory and composition with Malawski in Lublin (1939–41); after studies in composition with Rowley at Trinity Coll. of Music in London (1946–47), he completed his training as a composer with Rytel and Szeligowski and studied conducting with Rowicki at the Warsaw State H.S. of Music (1947–55). He conducted the Szczecin Theater (1949–50), the Poznan Phil. (1954–55), the Silesian Phil, in Katowice (1955–59), and the Krakow Phil. (1959–64), with which he toured the U.S. (1961). After conducting the Wroclaw Phil. (1965–69), he was one of the conductors of the National Phil, in Warsaw (1971–78); toured with it in Europe and Japan; then was conductor of the Artur Rubinstein Phil, in ód (1982–86), touring Italy with this orch. in 1984. He was best known as an interpreter of contemporary music. He wrote instrumental works, chamber music, film and theater scores, and electronic pieces.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire