Skip to main content

Markova, Alicia (1910–2004)

Markova, Alicia (1910–2004)

Englishborn ballerina. Name variations: Lilian Alicia Marks; Dame Alicia Markova. Pronunciation: Mar-COVE-ah. Born Lilian Alicia Marks in Finsbury, North London, Dec 1, 1910; died Dec 2, 2004, in Bath, England; dau. of Arthur Marks (mining engineer) and Eileen Barry Marks; studied dance with Serafima Astafieva, 1921–25; never married; no children.

One of the most eminent dancers of the 20th century, was a pioneer in the formation of British ballet; began career as dancer in pantomime (1920); received 1st offer to dance in a production by Diaghilev (1921); joined Diaghilev's Ballets Russes and danced 1st solo role in Le Rossignol (1925); joined Old Vic-Sadler's Wells ballet (1933); gave 1st performance of Giselle (1934); formed MarkovaDolin Ballet (1935); joined Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo and made debut in America (1938); joined Ballet Theatre (1941); appeared in Broadway show The Seven Lively Arts (1943–44); with Dolin, founded the London Festival Ballet and promoted interest in classical dance in Great Britain (1950); gave final performance (1962); announced retirement; served as ballet director, Metropolitan Opera (1963–69); taught at University of Cincinnati (1970–74); presented tv series on BBC (1981); was given gala birthday celebration at Sadler's Wells (1990); noted for title roles in The Dying Swan, The Firebird and La Sylphide, as well as Juliet in Romeo and Juliet, OdetteOdile in Swan Lake, SugarPlum Fairy in The Nutcracker, and Swanhilda in Coppélia. Received Order of the British Empire (OBE, 1953) and Dame of the British Empire (DBE, 1963).

See also autobiography Markova Remembers (Hamish Hamilton, 1986); Maurice Leonard, Markova: The Legend (Hodder & Stoughton, 1995); and Women in World History.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Markova, Alicia (1910–2004)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Markova, Alicia (1910–2004)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/markova-alicia-1910-2004

"Markova, Alicia (1910–2004)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/markova-alicia-1910-2004

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.