Machl, Tadeusz, Polish composer, organist, and teacher; b. Lwów, Oct. 22, 1922. He began to play the piano at age 10. After studies with Helena Kasparek at the Lwów Music School, he was organist at St. Elisabeth Church in Lwów (1944–46) and at Corpus Christi Church in Krakow (1947–50). He also studied composition with Artur Malawski, instrumentation with Feliks Wrobel, and organ with Bronistaw Rutkowski at the State Higher School of Music in Krakow (1947–51). In 1952 he joined its faculty as a lecturer in composition and instrumentation, and later served as dean of its theory, composition, and conducting faculty (1967–70) and vice-rector (1970–73) before retiring in 1998. In 1976 he received the state title of prof. From 1982 to 1986 he taught at the Jagiellonian Univ. in Krakow, and again from 1999. In 1971 and 1990 he received the Minister of Culture and Arts Award, 1st Class. He received the Cavalier’s Cross (1972) and the Officer’s Cross (1988) of the Polonia Restituía Order.
orch.: Trzy miniatury symfoniczne (Three Symphonic Miniatures; 1946); 6 syms.: No. 1 for Chorus and Orch. (1947), No. 2 (1948), No. 3, Tatry (1948), No. 4 (1954), No. 5, Cztery studia wirtuozowskie (Four Virtuosic Studies) for Soprano, Women’s Chorus, and Orch. (1963), and No. 6, Sinfonia Desiderii (1998); 7 organ concertos: No. 1 (1950; Zabrze, Sept. 29, 1951), No. 2 (1952), No. 3, Uwertura koncertujaca (Overture Concertante; 1953), No. 4 for Organ and Strings (1957), No. 5 for 3 Organs and Orch. (1969), No. 6 for Organ and 2 Orchs. (1979), and No. 7 (1983); Suita liryczna (Lyrical Suite; 1956); Concerto for Soprano and Orch. (1958); Violin Concerto (1960); Harpsichord Concerto (1962; Bydgoszcz, Sept. 25, 1964); Piano Concerto (1964); Harp Concerto (1965; Krakow, April 26, 1968); Double Concerto for Piano, Harpsichord, and Orch. (1966); Concerto for Cello or Viola and Orch. (1967); Uwertura jubileus-zowa (Jubilee Overture; 1969); Triple Concerto for 2 Pianos, Organ, and Orch. (1969); Horn Concerto (1971); Poemat Jubile-uszowy (Jubilee Poem; 1979); Scherzo symfoniczne (Kontrowersje) (Symphonic Scherzo [Controversies]; 1986); Moje Miasto (My City), symphonic poem (1992); Noe na Kazalnicy (A Night on the Pulpit), rhapsody (1996). chamber: 4 string quartets (1950, 1957, 1961, 1972); Suita liryczna (Lyric Suite) for Violin and Piano (1955); Haerbarium, septet for Organ, English Horn, Horn, Bassoon, Cello, Harp, and Percussion (1980). organ:Pice etiud zvirtuozowskich (Five Virtuoso Etudes; 1950); 2 Pieces (1964); Piece en cinque mouvements (1965); Mini Suita (1967); Tryptyk (1968); 10 Pieces (1970); Sonata for 3 Organs (1972); Pejzaze (Landscapes) I-III (1976, 1977, 1982); Wielka fantazja z podwójna fuga B-A-C-H (Grand Fantasia with B-A-C-H Fugue; 1980); Rupicaprae (1982); Pietnascie poematów rózancowych (Fifteen Rosary Poems; 1983); Dissonatio (1989); Poemat (Poem; 1992). vocal:Stabat Mater, oratorio for 4 Soloists, Chorus, and Orch. (1945); Requiem for Soloists, Chorus, and Orch. (1946; unfinished); Dzien pracy (Work Day), cantata for 4 Soloists and Small Orch. (1948); 3 Songs for Soprano and Piano (1950–55); Kantata mlodziezowa (Cantata for Youth) for Soprano, Baritone, Chorus, and Orch. (1954); Lot Ikara (Icarus’s Flight), cantata for Soprano, Reciter, Organ, and Orch. (1968); Blekitny krzyz (Blue Cross), cantata for Soprano, 2 Reciters, 2 Tapes, and Orch. (1974); Requiem dia Zaginionych w Tatrach (Requiem for Those Lost in the Tatra) for Soprano, Baritone, Reciter, Chorus, Organ, and Orch. (1980); Krajobrazy Serdeczne (Heartfelt Landscapes) for 4 Reciters, Quartet, and Chamber Orch. (1993).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
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