Kroyer, Theodor, eminent German musicologist; b. Munich, Sept. 9, 1873; d. Wiesbaden, Jan. 12, 1945. He studied piano with Lang, counterpoint with Rheinberger, and musicology with Sandberger, taking his Ph.D. from the Univ. of Munich with the diss. Die Anfänge der Chromatik im italienischen Madrigal des XVI. Jahrhunderts (publ. in Leipzig, 1902). He completed his Habilitation there in 1902 with his Ludwig Senfl und sein Motettenstil (publ. in Munich, 1902). He was music critic of the Münchener Allgemeine Zeitung (1897–1910). He taught at the univs. of Munich (1902–20), Heidelberg (1920–23), Leipzig (1923–33), and Cologne (1932–38). In 1925 he purchased for the Univ. of Leipzig the rich collection of instruments, MSS, and portraits from the famous Hey er Museum in Cologne; also in 1925 he began issuing the valuable series Publikationen Älterer Musik. He publ. the studies Joseph Rheinberger (Regens-burg and Rome, 1916) and Walter Courvoisier (Munich and Berlin, 1929). He ed. a vol. (motets and Magnificat) of the complete works of Senfl in Denkmäler der Tonkunst in Bayern, V, Jg. III/2 (1903); also ed. a selection from the works of G. Aichinger for the same series (XVIII, Jg. X/I, 1909).
H. Zenck et al., eds T K.: Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstage am 9. September 1933 überreicht von Freunden und Schülern (Regensburg, 1933).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire