Herzogenberg, (Leopold) Heinrich (Picot de PeCCaduc), Freiherr von

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Herzogenberg, (Leopold) Heinrich (Picot de PeCCaduc), Freiherr von

Herzogenberg, (Leopold) Heinrich (Picot de PeCCaduc), Freiherr von, Austrian composer; b. Graz, June 10, 1843; d. Wiesbaden, Oct. 9, 1900. He entered the Univ. of Vienna as a student of philosophy and law in 1861, then studied composition at the Cons, with Dessoff (1862–64), through whom he met and became a close friend of Brahms. He went to Leipzig in 1872. He was one of the founders of the Bach-Verein (1874) and served as its director (1875–85). He then became prof, of composition at the Berlin Hochschule für Musik (1885), taking charge of its master class (1889). His activities were halted by ill health for a time, but he resumed teaching in 1892, retiring in 1900. As a composer, he was greatly influenced by Schumann, Wagner, and Brahms. His wife, Elisabeth (née von Stockhausen; b. Paris, April 13, 1847; d. San Remo, Jan. 7, 1892), was a fine pianist and, like her husband, a close friend of Brahms. See M. Kalbeck, ed., Johannes Brahms im Briefwechsel mit Heinrich und Elisabeth von Herzogenberg (Berlin, 1907).


ORCH.: 3 syms.: No. I, Odysseus (1876), No. 2 (1885), and No. 3 (1890); Concerto for Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, 2 Bassoons, 2 Horns, and String Orch. (1879). CHAMBER: Piano Quintet (1876); Quintet for Piano, Oboe, Clarinet, Horn, and Bassoon (1888); Quintet for 2 Violins, 2 Violas, and Cello (1892); 2 piano quartets (1892, 1897); 5 string quartets (1876, 1884, 1884,1884, 1890); 2 piano trios (1877, 1884); Trio for Piano, Oboe, and Horn (1889); 2 string trios (1879); piano pieces; organ music. vocal: sacred choral: Requiem for Chorus and Orch. (1891); Totenfeier, cantata for Soloists, Chorus, and Orch. (1894); Mass for Soloists, Chorus, and Orch. (1895); Die Geburt Christi, oratorio for Soloists, Chorus, Children’s Chorus, Oboe, Harmonium, Organ, and Strings (1895); Die Passion, oratorio for Soloists, Chorus, Harmonium, Organ, and Strings (1896); Erntefeier, oratorio for Soloists, Chorus, Organ, and Orch. (1899); Gott ist gegenwärtig, cantata for Chorus and Orch. (1901); 2 biblical scenes: Der Seesturm for Baritone, Chorus, Organ, and Strings (1903) and Das kananäische Weib for Soprano, Baritone, Men’s Voices, and Organ (1903); also motets, Psalms, liturgical songs, etc. Secular Choral: Columbus, dramatic cantata for Soloists, Men’s Voices, and Orch. (c. 1870); Der Stern des Lieds, ode for Chorus and Orch. (1887); Die Weihe der Nacht for Alto, Chorus, and Orch. (1887); Nannas Klage for Soprano, Alto, Chorus, and Orch. (1888). OTHER: Various works with piano accompaniment or unaccompanied; songs.


B. Wiechert, H. v. H., 1843-1900: Studien zu Leben und Werk (Göttingen, 1997).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire