Gradstein, Alfred, Polish composer; b. Czestochowa, Oct. 30, 1904; d. Warsaw, Sept. 9, 1954. He studied with Statkowski (composition) and Melcer (conducting) at the Warsaw Cons. (1922-25) and with Marx (composition) and Krauss (conducting) at the Vienna Academy of Music. From 1928 to 1947 he lived in Paris; then returned to Poland. He wrote a Piano Concerto (1932), chamber music, piano pieces, and many songs.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire