views updated

flutter-tonguing (Ger. flatterzunge). Tonguing in the playing of wind instr. is the interruption of the flow of air by a motion of the tongue to produce certain effects. Flutter-tonguing—chiefly on the fl. but possible on the cl. and some brass—consists of a trilling of the letter R while playing a chromatic scale. It was introduced by R. Strauss and Mahler (e.g. in the latter's Das Lied von der Erde).