Skip to main content

Finzi, Gerald (Raphael)

Finzi, Gerald (Raphael) (b London, 1901; d Oxford, 1956). Eng. composer. Taught comp. at RAM 1930–3. After marriage in 1933, he retired to isolated life in countryside, building his own house at Ashmansworth, nr. Newbury. Formed Newbury String Players, 1939. Worked in Ministry of War Transport, 1941–5. For the Newbury players he revived and ed. many 18th-cent. works by Eng. composers such as Boyce, Stanley, and Mudge. Also worked to obtain publication of mus. by Ivor Gurney, whom he never met. Was collector of rare books and grower of rare apples.

His works, some of them spread over many years and constantly revised, can be broadly linked to the Eng. tradition of Elgar and Vaughan Williams, but the influence on him of these composers can be overstressed. His settings of Eng. poetry, particularly of Thomas Hardy, have a distinctive individuality, with musical imagery to match the verbal. Nor would it be just to describe him as a miniaturist, for such works as For St Cecilia, the Intimations of Immortality, and the vc. conc. show an ability to handle larger forms. Through Parry, he reached back to J. S. Bach in the vocal style of his masterpiece, the cantata Dies Natalis; and the same fluent imaginative vision gives an unfading emotional power to his Shakespeare song-cycle Let us Garlands Bring and to his touching Christmas work In terra pax. Prin. works:ORCH.: A Severn Rhapsody (1923); Introit, vn., orch. (1925, rev. 1935, 1942); New Year Music (1926, rev. c.1946); Eclogue, pf., str. (1920s, rev. 1940s); Romance, str. (1928); The Fall of the Leaf (1929, rev. 1939–41, orch. completed by H. Ferguson); cl. conc., str. (1948–9); Grand Fantasia and Toccata, pf. orch. (Fantasia 1928, rev. 1953, Toccata 1953); vc. conc. (1951–5).CHORAL: Lo, the full final sacrifice, with org. (1946, orch. 1947); Intimations of Immortality, ten., ch., orch. (1936–8, 1949–50); For St Cecilia, ten., ch., orch. (1947); Magnificat, with org. (1952, orch. 1956); In terra pax, sop., bar., ch., str., hp., cymbals (1954, full orch. 1956).SOLO VOICE & ORCH. or ENS.: By Footpath and Stile, bar., str. qt. (1921–2); Dies Natalis, sop. (or ten.), str. (1926, 1938–9); Farewell to Arms, ten., str. or small orch. (1925–44); 2 Milton Sonnets, ten. (or sop.), small orch. (c.1928).UNACC. VOICES: 3 Short Elegies, SATB (1926); 7 Part-songs, SATB (1934–7); White-flowering days (in A Garland for the Queen), SATB (1953).VOICE(S) & PIANO: A Young Man's Exhortation, 10 songs (Hardy), ten., pf. (1926–33); Earth and Air and Rain, 10 songs ( Hardy), bar., pf. (1928–36); Before and After Summer, 10 songs (Hardy), bar., pf. (1938–49); Let Us Garlands Bring, 5 songs ( Shakespeare), bar., pf. (also with orch.) (1929–42); Let us now praise famous men, male vv., pf. (1952); Till Earth Outwears, 7 songs (Hardy), sop. or ten., pf. (1927–55); I said to Love, 6 songs (Hardy), bar., pf. (1928–56).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Finzi, Gerald (Raphael)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Finzi, Gerald (Raphael)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/finzi-gerald-raphael

"Finzi, Gerald (Raphael)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved August 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/finzi-gerald-raphael

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.