Elschek, Oskár, Slovak ethnomusicologist; b. Bratislava, June 16, 1931. He studied musicology and aesthetics at the Univ. of Bratislava (degree, 1954), then became a member of the Musicology Inst. of the Slovak Academy of Sciences. In 1963 he was appointed ed.-in-chief of Slovenskd Hudba, and in 1967 he co-ed, the Annual Bibliography of European Ethnomusicology. His publications include studies of Slovak and European folk music, organology, and the sociology of music. With his wife Alica Elschekova (b. Bratislava, Nov. 21, 1930), he wrote books on Slovak folk music (1956,1962) and ed. the 1st vol. of Bartok’s folk songs (1959). He publ., with A. Elschekova, Uvod do studia slovenskej I’udovej hudby (Introduction to the Study of Slovak Folk Music; Bratislava, 1962). He also publ. Slovenske I’udove pfst’aly a d’alsie aerofony (Bratislava, 1991) and Die Musikforschung der Gegenwart: Ihre Systematik, Theorie und Entwicklung (2 vols., Vienna, 1992).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire