Skip to main content

Duruflé, Maurice

Duruflé, Maurice

Duruflé, Maurice, eminent French organist, pedagogue, and composer; b. Louviers, Jan. 11, 1902; d. Paris, June 16, 1986. He attended the maitrise at Rouen Cathedral and received training in piano and organ. In 1919 he settled in Paris and pursued his studies in organ with Tournemire, Guilmant, and Vierne. In 1920 he entered the Cons., where he was a student of Gigout (premier prix in organ, 1922), Jean Gallon (premier prix in harmony, 1924), Caussade (premier prix in fugue, 1924), and Dukas (composition, 1928). In 1930 he became organist at the church of St. Étienne-du-Mont. He

also was a prof, at the Cons, from 1943 until 1969. In 1953 he married Marie-Madeleine Duruflé (nee Chevalier), who subsequently served as co-organist with him at St. Étienne-du-Mont. They also toured extensively as duo organ recitalists. In 1964 they made their first tour of the U.S. In 1975 Duruflé and his wife sustained severe injuries in southeastern France when their car was hit by a speeding car, and neither Durufle nor his wife ever fully recovered. He was honored with the Grand Prix for music of the departement of the Seine in 1956. While his output was not large, he made a notable contribution to the repertoire in his outstanding organ and sacred vocal works. He pursued a conservative course as a composer, producing works notable for their remarkable craftsmanship and beauty. His outstanding Requiem (1947) stands as one of the most important and performed liturgical scores of the 20th century.

Works

ORCH Trois Dames (1932); Andante et scherzo (1940). CHAMBER: Prélude, recitatif et variations for Flute, Viola, and Piano (1928). KEYBOARD: Piano : Triptyque (1927). O r g a n : Scherzo (1926); Prélude, adagio et choral vane sur le theme du “Veni Creator” (1930); Suite (1933); Prélude et fugue sur le nom d’Alain (1942). VOCAL: Requiem for Mezzo-soprano, Baritone, Chorus, and Orch. (1947); Quatre Motets sur des themes gregoriens for Chorus (1960); Messe “cum jubilo” for Baritone, Men’s Chorus, and Orch. (1966).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Duruflé, Maurice." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Duruflé, Maurice." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/durufle-maurice-0

"Duruflé, Maurice." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved October 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/durufle-maurice-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.