Skip to main content

Destouches, André-Cardinal

Destouches, André-Cardinal

Destouches, André-Cardinal, French composer; b. Paris (baptized), April 6, 1672; d. there, Feb. 7, 1749. After attending a Jesuit school in Paris, he went as a boy to Siam with his teacher, the missionary Gui Tachard (1686). He returned to France in 1688. He served in the Royal Musketeers (1692–94), and later took lessons from Andre Campra, contributing 3 airs to Campra’s opéra-ballet L’Europe galante (1697). After this initiation, Destouches produced his first independent work, Isse, a “heroic pastorale” in 3 acts (Fontainebleau, Oct. 7, 1697); its popularity was parodied in several productions of a similar pastoral nature (Les Amours de Vincennes by P.P. Dominique, 1719; Les Oracles by J.A. Romagnesi, 1741). Among his other opéras, the following were produced in Paris: Amadis de Grece (March 22, 1699), Omphale (Nov. 10, 1701), and Callirhoe (Dec. 27, 1712). With Delalande, he wrote the ballet Les Elements, which was produced at the Tuileries Palace in Paris on Dec. 22,1721. In 1713 Louis XIV appointed him inspector general of the Academic Royale de Musique. In 1728 he became its director, retiring in 1730. A revival of Omphale in 1752 evoked Baron Grimm’s famous Lettre sur Omphale, inaugurating the so-called “Guerre des Bouffons” between the proponents of the French school, as exemplified by Destouches, and Italian opéra buffa.


K. Dulle, A. C. D. (Leipzig, 1908).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Destouches, André-Cardinal." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . 23 Oct. 2018 <>.

"Destouches, André-Cardinal." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . (October 23, 2018).

"Destouches, André-Cardinal." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved October 23, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.