Skip to main content

Destrudo

DESTRUDO

The Freudian concept of "destrudo" is one of a group of concepts that appeared fleetingly in Sigmund Freud's work and subsequently disappeared, although it is not always easy to identify the reasons for their disappearance. In the present case the situation is clearer since from an energy perspective Freud has always refused to postulate a "destrudo," that is, an energy specifically associated with the death drive, even though the term makes its appearance in The Ego and the Id (1923b).

Freud did not want to associate the duality of the drives with a duality of energies, since for him there was no energy dualism, but with a kind of energy monism, that of the libido. He subsequently abandoned use of the term "destrudo," which would have risked implying the existence of an energy dualism.

On several occasions Jean Laplanche has returned to this problem of terminology (1970, 1986). Destrudo does not appear in Jean Laplanche and Jean-Bertrand Pontalis's The Language of Psychoanalysis.

Bernard Golse

See also: Ego and the Id, The ; Death instinct (Thanatos); Libido; Weiss, Edoardo.

Bibliography

Freud, Sigmund. (1923b). The ego and the id. SE, 19: 12-59.

Laplanche, Jean. (1970). Vie et mort en psychanalyse. Paris: Flammarion.

. (1986). La pulsion de mort dans la théorie de la pulsion sexuelle.La Pulsion de mort (pp. 11-26). Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Destrudo." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Destrudo." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/psychology/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/destrudo

"Destrudo." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Retrieved August 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/psychology/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/destrudo

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.