Dávid, Gyula Hungarian composer and teacher;b. Budapest, May 6, 1913; d. there, March 14, 1977. He studied with Kodaly at the Budapest Academy of Music (graduated, 1938). He was a violist in several orchs. (1938–5), and also a conductor at the National Theater in Budapest (until 1949); then taught chamber music at the Academy of Music (1950–60; 1967–77) and the Bela Bartok Music School (1964–67). In 1952 and 1955 he received the Erkel Prize, and in 1957 the Kossuth Prize. His compositional practices ranged from free use of folk melodies to strict 12-tone procedures.
DRAMATIC Nddasban (In the Reeds), ballet (1961); much incidental music.ORCH.: 4 syms. (1948, 1958, 1960, 1970); Balettzene (Ballet Music; 1948); Tdnczene (Dance Music; 1950); Viola Concerto (1950); Szinhdzi zene (Theater Music; 1955); Sinfonietta (1960); Concerto Grosso for Viola and Strings (1963); Violin Concerto (1966); Horn Concerto (1971); Unnepi nyitdny (Festive Overture; 1972).CHAMBER : 5 wind quintets (1949, 1955, 1964, 1967, 1968); Flute Sonata (1954); 2 string quartets (1962,1973); Preludio for Flute and Piano (1964); Miniat&ubdlac;rok (Miniatures) for Brass Sextet (1968); Viola Sonatina (1969); Trio for Violin, Cello, and Piano (1972); Pezzo for Viola and Piano (1974).Piano : Sonata (1955).VOCAL: Felhotlen eg (Cloudless Skies), cantata for Chorus and Orch. (1964); A rozsa Idgolds (The Rose is Aflame) for Woman’s Voice, Flute, and Viola (1966); Ego szavakkal (With Flaming Words), cantata for Chorus and Orch. (1969); choruses.
J. Breuer, D. G. (Budapest, 1966).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire