MARKEL, Howard. American, b. 1960. Genres: History, Literary criticism and history, Medicine/Health. Career: Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, intern and resident in pediatrics, 1986-89, attending physician and fellow in adolescent medicine and history of medicine, 1989-93; University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, assistant professor of pediatrics, 1993-98, attending physician at university hospitals, 1993-, director of Historical Center for the Health Sciences, 1996-, associate professor of pediatrics and communicable diseases, 1998-, associate professor of history, 1998-, George Wantz Professor of the History of Medicine, 2000-. Publications: (with F.A. Oski) The H.L. Mencken Baby Book, 1990; The Portable Pediatrician: A Textbook for Medical Students and Physicians, 1992, 2nd ed. (with M. Farrell and J. Oski), 2000; (with Oski) The Practical Pediatrician: The A to Z Guide to Your Child's Health, Safety, and Behavior, 1996; Quarantine!: East European Jewish Immigrants and the NYC Epidemics of 1892, 1997; (with A.M. Stern) Formative Years, 2002; When Germs Travel, 2004. Contributor to medical journals and newspapers. Address: University of Michigan Medical School, Historical Center for the Health Sciences, 100 Simpson Memorial Institute Box 0725, 102 Observatory, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0725, U.S.A. Online address: [email protected]
"Markel, Howard." Writers Directory 2005. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 20, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/markel-howard
"Markel, Howard." Writers Directory 2005. . Retrieved November 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/markel-howard
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.