MANEA, Norman. Romanian, b. 1936. Genres: Novels, Novellas/Short stories, Essays. Career: Worked as an engineer in the field and in planning and research, including at Institute for the Management and Conservation of Water, Bucharest, Romania, 1969-74; writer, 1974-. Bard College, New York City, international academy fellow, 1989-92, Frances Flournoy Professor of European Culture, writer-in-residence, 1992-. Media commentator on Romanian political events for publications and television shows. Lecturer at conferences and universities. Publications: Noaptea pe latura lunga (fiction; title means: The Night on the Long Side), 1969; Captivi (novel; title means: Captives), 1970; Atrium (novel), 1974; Primele porti (fiction; title means: The First Gates), 1975; Cartea Fiului (novel; title means: The Son's Book), 1976; Anii de ucenicie ai lui August Prostul (essays; title means: The Years of Apprenticeship of Augustus the Fool), 1979; Octombrie, ora opt (fiction), 1981, trans. as October, Eight O'Clock, 1992; Pe contur (essays; title means: On the Contour), 1984; Plicul Negru (novel), 1986, trans. as The Black Envelope, 1995; Roboterbiographie, 1987; Leergeld, 1989; Fenster zur Arbeiterklasse, 1989; Le the de Proust, 1990; Der Trenchcoat, 1990; Training fur's Paradies, 1990; Le bonheur obligatoire (stories), 1991, trans. as Compulsory Happiness, 1993; El impermeable, 1991; On Clowns: The Dictator and the Artist (essays), 1992; Trennwand, 1992; Het verhoor, 1992; Den svarte konvoluten, 1999; La busta nera, 2000; El Sobre nero, 2001. Address: Bard College, Annandale on Hudson, NY 12504, U.S.A.