Skip to main content

Garthoff, Raymond L(eonard)

GARTHOFF, Raymond L(eonard)

GARTHOFF, Raymond L(eonard). American (born Egypt), b. 1929. Genres: International relations/Current affairs, History, Military/Defense/Arms control. Career: Employed by US Dept. of State, Washington, DC, 1961-79 (Special Assistant for Soviet Bloc Political-Military Affairs, 1961-67; Counselor, US Mission to NATO, 1968-70; Sr. State Dept. Adviser, US SALT Delegation, 1969-72; Deputy Director, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, 1970-73; Sr. Foreign Service Inspector, 1974-77; US Ambassador to Bulgaria, 1977-79); Sr. Fellow, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC, 1980-94. Professorial Lecturer, Institute for Sino-Soviet Studies, George Washington University, 1963-64, and School for Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, 1964-67, both Washington, DC. Publications: Soviet Military Doctrine, 1953; How Russia Makes War, 1954; Soviet Strategy in the Nuclear Age, 1958, rev. ed., 1962; The Soviet Image of Future War, 1959; Soviet Military Policy: A Historical Analysis, 1966; Detente and Confrontation: American-Soviet Relations from Nixon to Reagan, 1985, rev. ed., 1994; Policy versus the Law: The Reinterpretation of the ABM Treaty, 1987; Reflections on the Cuban Missile Crisis, 1987, rev. ed., 1989; Deterrence and the Revolution in Soviet Military Doctrine, 1990; The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War, 1994; A Journey through the Cold War: A Memoir of Containment and Coexistence, 2001. EDITOR: (and trans.) Maj. General G. Pokrovsky, Science and Technology in Contemporary War, 1959; (and trans.) Marshal V.D. Sokolovsky, Military Strategy, 1963; (and co-author) Sino-Soviet Military Relations, 1966. Address: 2128 Bancroft Pl NW, Washington, DC 20008-4020, U.S.A.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Garthoff, Raymond L(eonard)." Writers Directory 2005. . 21 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Garthoff, Raymond L(eonard)." Writers Directory 2005. . (April 21, 2019).

"Garthoff, Raymond L(eonard)." Writers Directory 2005. . Retrieved April 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.