Skip to main content

Franklin, John H(ope)

FRANKLIN, John H(ope)

FRANKLIN, John H(ope). American, b. 1915. Genres: History, Race relations, Biography, Essays. Career: Instructor, Fisk University, Nashville, TN, 1936-37; professor of history, St. Augustine's College, Raleigh, NC, 1939-43; professor of history, North Carolina College, 1943-47; professor of history, Howard University, Washington, DC, 1947-56; professor and chairman, Dept. of History, Brooklyn College, NYC, 1956-64; professor of American history, 1964-82, and chairman of Dept. of History, 1967-70, University of Chicago; James Duke Professor of History, Duke University, Durham, NC, 1982-85, Emeritus, 1985-. Publications: The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790-1860, 1943; From Slavery to Freedom, 1947, 8th ed., 2000; The Militant South 1800-1860, 1956; Reconstruction after the Civil War, 1961; The Emancipation Proclamation, 1963; (with J.W. Caughey and E.R. May) Land of the Free, 1966; Illustrated History of Black Americans, 1970; Racial Equality in America, 1976; Southern Odyssey, 1976; George Washington Williams: A Biography, 1985; Race and History: Selected Essays 1938-1988, 1990; The Color Line: Legacy for the Twenty-First Century, 1993; (with L. Schweninger) Runaway Slaves, 2000. EDITOR: The Civil War Diary of James T. Ayers, 1947; A. Tourgee, A Fool's Errand, 1961; T.W. Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, 1962; Three Negro Classics, 1965; (with I. Star) The Negro in the Twentieth Century, 1967; Color and Race, 1968; W.E.B. Du Bois, The Suppression of the African Slave Trade, 1969; Reminiscences of an Active Life: The Autobiography of John R. Lynch, 1970; (with A. Meier) Black Leaders of the Twentieth Century, 1982. Address: Dept. of History, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, U.S.A.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Franklin, John H(ope)." Writers Directory 2005. . 18 Sep. 2019 <>.

"Franklin, John H(ope)." Writers Directory 2005. . (September 18, 2019).

"Franklin, John H(ope)." Writers Directory 2005. . Retrieved September 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.