Mary of Hesse-Cassel (1723–1772)

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Mary of Hesse-Cassel (1723–1772)

English princess royal . Name variations: Mary, Princess of Hesse; Mary Guelph; Mary Hanover. Born on February 22 (some sources cite March 5), 1723, at Leicester House, St. Martin's, London, England; died in Hanau on January 14, 1772; daughter of George II (1683–1760), king of Great Britain and Ireland (r. 1727–1760) and Caroline of Ansbach (1683–1737); married Frederick II, landgrave of Hesse-Cassel or Kassel, on June 28, 1740; children: William (b. 1741); William IX, elector of Hesse (b. 1743); Charles of Hesse-Cassel (1744–1836); Frederick III (1747–1837), landgrave of Hesse-Cassel.

Mary of Hesse-Cassel was born in 1723, the daughter of George II, king of England, and Caroline of Ansbach . She married Frederick II, landgrave of Hesse-Cassel, in 1740. When her husband became a Catholic in 1754, Mary separated from him and lived with her children at Hanau.