Skip to main content

Gerberga of Saxony (c. 910–969)

Gerberga of Saxony (c. 910–969)

Queen and regent of France Name variations: Gerberge de Saxe. Born in Germany around 910 (some sources cite 913 or 919); died in France on May 5, 969 (some sources cite 984); daughter of Henry I the Fowler (c. 876–936), Holy Roman emperor (r. 919–936), and Matilda of Saxony (c. 892–968); sister of Otto I the Great (912–973), king of Germany (r. 936–973), Holy Roman emperor (r. 962–973), and Hedwig (c. 915–965); married Duke Giselbert also known as Gilbert, duke of Lotharingia (Lorraine), in 929 (died 931); married Louis IV (918–954), king of France (r. 936–954), in 939; children: (first marriage) Gerberga of Lorraine (who married Adalbert, count of Vermandois); (second marriage) several surviving children, including Lothair (941–986), king of France (r. 954–986); Charles (b. 953), duke of Upper Lorraine; Matilda Martel (943–c. 982).

Gerberga was a Saxon princess, the daughter of Henry the Fowler of Germany and Matilda of Saxony . At age 19, she married Duke Giselbert of Lotharingia, but was widowed only two years later. She then married Louis IV of France as part of an alliance between the French monarch and her father. In the tradition of politically active French queens, Gerberga headed peace delegations and negotiated treaties. Widowed again in 954, Gerberga ruled France as regent until her son Lothair came of age. She was a valiant queen-regent who used her substantial army to keep herself in power, and thus ensure the throne for Lothair. In one example of her militancy, she captured a city from a besieging traitor and had the traitor beheaded in public to discourage further acts of disobedience by her subjects. After Lothair took over the reins of government, Gerberga retired to her own estates, where she died in 969.

Laura York , Riverside, California

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gerberga of Saxony (c. 910–969)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . 21 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Gerberga of Saxony (c. 910–969)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . (February 21, 2019).

"Gerberga of Saxony (c. 910–969)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.