Gabrielli, Caterina (1730–1796)
Gabrielli, Caterina (1730–1796)
Italian soprano. Name variations: Catterina; La Cochetta or La Cochettina. Born in Rome on November 12, 1730; died in Rome in April 1796; daughter of a cook; studied with Garcia, Porpora, and Metastasio; sister of Francesca Gabrielli.
Caterina Gabrielli, the daughter of Prince Gabrielli's cook, was known as La Cochetta or Cochettina. When she was 14, the prince over-heard her singing a difficult song of Baldasare Galuppi's while walking in his garden. Under the prince's aegis, she became a pupil of Garcia and Porpora and made her triumphant debut at Lucca in 1747 in Galuppi's Sonfonisba. Beautiful, accomplished and capricious, she enjoyed further success in Naples in 1750, singing in Jomelli's Didone. In Vienna, she studied under Metastasio and charmed Francis I. Gabrielli was known for her bravura style and her many eccentricities.
In 1765, a very wealthy Gabrielli left Vienna for Sicily where she was imprisoned for 12 days by the king because she would not sing her role in an opera above a whisper. While incarcerated, she entertained, paid the debts of poor prisoners, and distributed gifts. The king had no choice but to set her free, and she became more popular than ever. From Sicily, she went to Parma; from Parma, she journeyed to Russia in 1768, where she asked for 5,000 ducats as salary at the court of Catherine II the Great . When an astonished Catherine replied that the sum was more than she paid a field marshal, Gabrielli replied: "Then let your field-marshals sing for you."
Gabrielli appeared in London for the 1775–76 season, but Londoners were wary of her unconventional behavior. Charles Burney thought her "the most intelligent and best bred virtuosa with whom he had ever conversed, not only on the subject of music, but on every subject concerning which a well-educated female, who had seen the world, might be expected to have information." She sang with Pacchierotti at Venice in 1777 and with Marchesi in Milan in 1780. Soon after, she retired in Rome with her sister Francesca Gabrielli , who had remained with her throughout her travels as seconda donna. Gabrielli died of a neglected cold in April 1796.
"Gabrielli, Caterina (1730–1796)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gabrielli-caterina-1730-1796
"Gabrielli, Caterina (1730–1796)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved April 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gabrielli-caterina-1730-1796
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.