Skip to main content

Chandler, Elizabeth Margaret (1807–1834)

Chandler, Elizabeth Margaret (1807–1834)

American abolitionist and writer. Born on December 24, 1807, at Centre, near Wilmington, Delaware; died of fever on November 22, 1834; daughter of Thomas Chandler (a Quaker farmer); educated at the Friends' schools in Philadelphia; never married.

Elizabeth Margaret Chandler's writing called upon women to stand beside men in the battle against slavery, "the only means of avoiding participation in guilt." She was born near Wilmington, Delaware, in 1807. After the death of both her parents when she was still a child, Chandler was raised in Philadelphia by Quaker relatives. She was 18 when her poem "The Slave Ship" won a literary prize and was spotted by anti-slavery leader Benjamin Lundy. Chandler began writing for his paper, the Genius of Universal Emancipation, to which she contributed for the rest of her short life. A supporter of the free produce movement (in which women refused to purchase goods produced by slave labor), she called upon women to think independently from men. While her writing touched upon a variety of reform issues, she was primarily concerned with the immediate abolishment of slavery, and many of her poems, set to music, were rendered at anti-slavery meetings.

In 1830, Chandler and her aunt and brother moved to the territory of Michigan, settling near the village of Tecumseh, Lenawee County, on the river Raisin. She named her farm Hazlebank and continued contributing poetry on the subject of slavery until 1834 when she succumbed to remittent fever on November 22; she was in her 20s when she died. Two years later, in 1836, Benjamin Lundy published The Political Works of Elizabeth Margaret Chandler. Included in this volume is an 1830 letter from Chandler to abolitionist friends; the letter reads in part:

Your cause is a righteous one, and worth every effort. There are times when I feel as if I could go unflinching to the stake or the rack, if I might by that means advance it. I never expected to do "great things" in this cause—I have never indulged in speculations as to the effect of what I attempted to do, yet I sometimes feel as if I had been a mere idle dreamer, as I had wasted my time in nothingness—so disproportioned does the magnitude of the cause appear to all that I have done; so like a drop in the ocean are my puny efforts.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Chandler, Elizabeth Margaret (1807–1834)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Chandler, Elizabeth Margaret (1807–1834)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 12, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chandler-elizabeth-margaret-1807-1834

"Chandler, Elizabeth Margaret (1807–1834)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chandler-elizabeth-margaret-1807-1834

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.