Catherine of Habsburg (1533–1572)

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article
views updated

Catherine of Habsburg (1533–1572)

Queen of Poland. Name variations: Catherine of Austria; Caterina of Austria; Catherine Gonzaga, duchess of Mantua; Catherine of Hapsburg. Born in 1533; died in 1572; daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman emperor (r. 1558–1564), and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547); sister of Elizabeth of Habsburg (d. 1545), Maximilian II (1527–1576), Holy Roman emperor (r. 1564–1576), and Eleonora of Austria (1534–1594); married Francesco Gonzaga (1533–1550), 2nd duke of Mantua (r. 1540–1550), in 1549 (17-year old Francesco fell into a lake that same year and died of a fever shortly thereafter); third wife of Sigismund II, king of Poland (r. 1548–1572). For more information see Sforza, Bona (1493–1557).