views updated

Stanislavski, Maria Lilina (b. around 1870)

Russian actress. Name variations: Maria Petrovna Perevostchikova; Maria Lilina Perevozchikova or Perevoshchikova; Mme Stanislavsky; Maria Stanislavski or Stanislavskaya; acted under the name Maria Lilina. Born Maria Lilina Petrovna Perevostchikova, c. 1870; dau. of Petrov Perevostchikov (well-known lawyer); m. Constantin Stanislavski (1863–1938, actor, director, and teacher of acting), July 5, 1889; children: Xenia (died in infancy); Kira Stanislavski; Igor Stanislavski.

Met Constantin Stanislavski when she made her acting debut with him in a charity performance of Spoiled Darling (1888); at his invitation, joined his Society of Art and Literature; appeared with him in the society's production of Schiller's Kabale and Liebe; married (1889); when not pregnant, took to the stage whenever possible and may have been involved with the design elements of his productions; also knew English and frequently interpreted for him; remained a member of the company of the Moscow Art Theater, though Olga Knipper-Chekova emerged as the company's leading actress; in later years, as husband became famous, protected him from an eager public and helped manage his busy schedule.

See also Women in World History.

Stanislavski, Maria Lilina (b. around 1870)

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article