Skip to main content

Sherlock, Sheila (1918–2001)

Sherlock, Sheila (1918–2001)

British physician and educator. Name variations: Dame Sheila Sherlock. Born Sheila Patricia Violet Sherlock, Mar 31, 1918, in Dublin, Ireland; died Dec 30, 2001, in London, England; graduate of Edinburgh University, 1941; m. Geraint James (physician), 1951; children: 2 daughters.

One of the founders of modern hepatology, who pioneered the study of liver disease, began career as clinical assistant to Sir James Learmonth in Edinburgh; moved to London; worked as Beit Research fellow at Hammersmith Hospital (1942–47), before attending Yale University on Rockefeller fellowship; served as professor of medicine at London's Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine (1959–83), the 1st woman professor of medicine in UK; pioneered use of percutaneous liver biopsy and was one of the first to appreciate importance of immunological mechanisms in pathogenesis of cirrhosis and hepatitis; wrote Diseases of the Liver and Biliary System (1954), which ran to 11 editions and has been translated into several languages; was also the 1st woman to serve as vice-president of Royal College of Physicians. Named Dame of British Empire (DBE, 1978); elected fellow of Royal Society of Edinburgh (1989) and fellow of Royal Society (2000).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Sherlock, Sheila (1918–2001)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Sherlock, Sheila (1918–2001)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sherlock-sheila-1918-2001

"Sherlock, Sheila (1918–2001)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sherlock-sheila-1918-2001

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.