Skip to main content

Shakhovskaya, Eugenie M. (1889–?)

Shakhovskaya, Eugenie M. (1889–?)

Russian aviator. Name variations: Princess Eugenie M. Shakhovskaia; Shakhowaskaya or Schakovskoy. Born 1889 in St. Petersburg, Russia; niece or cousin of Tsar Nicholas II; date of death unknown.

The 1st woman to become a military pilot, flew with Vladimir Lebedev at Gatchina, then moved to Germany to train with Vsevolod Abramovitch, chief pilot of the Wright Company; received her license on a Farman at Johannistal, near Berlin (Aug 1912); became a Wright aircraft demonstrator in St. Petersburg; crashed a Wright at Johannistal (April 1913), killing Abramovitch; under a personal order from Tsar Nicholas II, was given the rank of ensign in the 1st aerial squadron of the Imperial Russian Air Service (Nov 1914); some say it was an honorific; others say she flew reconnaisance during WWI and executed "audacious raids" above German lines; wounded, was decorated with the Military Order of Saint George (1916); became a member of secret police during the Russian Revolution and was later named chief executioner of Kiev for the revolutionary general Tchecka.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Shakhovskaya, Eugenie M. (1889–?)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . 23 Jul. 2019 <>.

"Shakhovskaya, Eugenie M. (1889–?)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . (July 23, 2019).

"Shakhovskaya, Eugenie M. (1889–?)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved July 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.