Ni Guizhen (c. 1869–1931)

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Ni Guizhen (c. 1869–1931)

Chinese matriarch. Name variations: Song Guizhen; Mrs. Charles Jones Song; Mme Charlie Song or Soong; Ni Kwei-tsent or Ni Kweitseng; Ni Kwei-tseng Song or Soong; Mammy Soong. Born Ni Guizhen (Ni Kwei-tseng or Ni Kweitseng) around 1869; died of cancer, 1931; dau. of Yuin San; m. Charlie Jones Song (business leader and philanthropist born Hon Chao-Shun or Jia-shu Song), in 1886; children: 6, including Song Ailing (1890–1973); Song Qingling (1893–1981); Song Meiling (b. 1897); T.V. Song (diplomat, finance and foreign minister, who m. Anna Chang); T.L. Song (Song Zeliang or Tse-liang); and T.A. Song (Song Ze-an or Tse-an).

Matriarch of the influential Song family, was instrumental in sending her daughters to Wesleyan College in Macon, Georgia.

See also Women in World History.