Massevitch, Alla G. (1918–)
Massevitch, Alla G. (1918–)
Soviet astrophysicist. Born Alla Genrikohovna Massevitch, Oct 9, 1918, in Tbilisi, capital of the Georgian Republic (now Georgia); dau. of Genrikh Massevitch (lawyer) and Natalie (Zhgenty) Massevitch (nurse); University of Moscow, degree in physics, 1941; candidate's degree (equivalent of a PhD) from Sternberg State Astronomy Institute in Moscow, 1946; m. Joseph Friedlander (metallurgical engineer), 1941; children: Natalie Friedlander.
Astrophysicist, university professor, and vice-president of the USSR's Academy of Science, who organized and administered a network of stations that tracked movements of Soviet Sputniks; became a lecturer in astrophysics at University of Moscow (1946); named vice president of Astronomical Council of the Academy of Sciences (1952); when the Council was assigned the task of tracking space vehicles (1957), trained leaders for a network of 70 tracking stations throughout USSR and had them in place when Sputnik I was launched (Oct 4); became a spokeswoman for Soviet science abroad, making trips to almost every European country and US; served as chair of tracking group of International Committee on Space Research; elected a foreign member of Britain's Royal Astronomical Society (1963); was vice president of the Institute for Soviet-American Relations; authored 2 books on stellar evolution and published over 60 papers, mainly in the Astronomical Journal of the USSR.
See also Women in World History.
"Massevitch, Alla G. (1918–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/massevitch-alla-g-1918
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