Manus, Rosa (1881–1942)

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Manus, Rosa (1881–1942)

Dutch feminist. Name variations: Rosette. Born Rosette Suzanne Manus, Aug 20, 1881, in Amsterdam, Netherlands; died 1942 at Ravensbrück concentration camp in Germany; dau. of Henry Philip Manus (merchant in tobacco) and Soete Vita Israel; attended secondary girls' school and boarding school in Switzerland; never married.

With Mia Boissevain, organized a major exhibition on the status of women (1913), was an advocate of women's suffrage, women's rights and the worldwide peace movement, and active in aiding war refugees; was active in the International Woman Suffrage Alliance from 1908 (known as the International Alliance of Women since 1926); organized an exhibition on the position of women, entitled "Woman 1813–1913"; was a member of the women's committee to help mobilized families during WWI; served as secretary of the Dutch Association for Woman Suffrage; served as vice-president of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (1923) and as secretary of the Peace Committee of the International Alliance of Women (1926); was a member of the Women's Disarmament Committee of International Organizations; served as secretary of the International Peace Congress of the Rassemblement Universel pour la Paix (RUP) in Brussels (1936); was active in helping Jewish refugees (1933–42); co-founded the International Archive of the Women's Movement (IAV) in Amsterdam, Netherlands (1935); arrested in Amsterdam by the Gestapo (1941), was brought to a prison in Scheveningen, and afterwards transported to Ravensbrück.

See also Women in World History.