Skip to main content

Gault, Alma Elizabeth (1891–1981)

Gault, Alma Elizabeth (1891–1981)

American nurse. Born Alma Elizabeth Gault, Sept 28, 1891, in Fernwood, Ohio; died July 12, 1981, in Columbus, Ohio; graduated from the College of Wooster in OH, 1916; dau. of Nancy Emma (Stark) Gault and Davison Stewart Gault.

As a dean (1944–53) of the Meharry Medical College School of Nursing (historically African-American institution in Nashville, TN), created a baccalaureate program (as well as an accredited diploma school of nursing) and successfully pushed for the school to become the 1st "historically black institution" to be a member of the American Association of Collegiate Schools of Nursing; enrolled in the Vassar Training Camp for Nurses (1918) and in the Philadelphia General Hospital School of Nursing (graduated, 1920); worked as a Philadelphia General Hospital head nurse; appointed the Union Memorial Hospital School of Nursing's director (Baltimore); served as the Memorial Hospital's director of Nursing Service (Springfield, IL); at Vanderbilt University (Nashville, TN), was employed as a nursing school associate professor (1953), as an acting dean, and as a dean (1965–67), during which time the 1st African-American nursing student enrolled at Vanderbilt; continued to work after retirement (1959). Honors include the proclamation of May 21, 1967 as "Alma Gault Day" by Nashville's mayor (at the time).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gault, Alma Elizabeth (1891–1981)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . 21 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Gault, Alma Elizabeth (1891–1981)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . (April 21, 2019).

"Gault, Alma Elizabeth (1891–1981)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved April 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.