Skip to main content

Gaultier De Claubry, Henri-François

Gaultier De Claubry, Henri-François

(b. Paris, France, 21 July 1792; d. Paris, 4 July 1878), chemistry, toxicology, public health.

Gaultier de Claubry’s father, Charles-Daniel, and his older brother, Charles-Emmanuel-Simon, were prominent surgeons and physicians. Following their example, Henri-François first embarked on a medical career but subsequently decided to devote his efforts to scientific pursuits. He served as a répétiteur at the École Polytechnique and in 1835 was named assistant professor of chemistry at the École de Pharmacie, a post he held until 1859, when he succeeded J. -B. Caventou as professor of toxicology. In 1825 he was appointed to the Council of Health of the Department of the Seine, and in 1848 he was elected to the Academy of Medicine (Paris).

A prolific author, Gaultier de Claubry is remembered largely for his discovery with J. -J. Colin of the blue color imparted to starch by free iodine (1814). In 1812 he translated into French William Henry’s popular textbook, Elements of Experimental Chemistry. His investigation of the presence of iodine in seawater and in seaweed was published in 1815, as was his description of the properties of inulin. In succeeding years Gaultier de Claubry dealt with a great variety of subjects and worked in such fields as chemistry, toxicology, public health, medicine, and meteorology. This versatility, which extended to a multiplicity of largely unrelated projects, tended to make his work diffuse.

Nevertheless, Gaultier de Claubry was considered an able scientist by his contemporaries. Particularly noteworthy were his researches on the coloring matter in madder, carried out with J. -F. Persoz and published in 1831. A significant contribution to toxicology was his treatise on legal chemistry, which was incorporated in several editions of J. Briand and E. Chaudé’s Manuel complet de médecine légale, one of the most authoritative textbooks on legal medicine in nineteenth-century France. The bulk of Gaultier de Claubry’s writings on public health—dealing with food adulteration, environmental health, disinfection, industrial hygiene, and related topics—appeared in the Annales d’hygiène publique et de médecine légale.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

I. Original Works. Some of Gaultier de Claubry’s most important work is embodied in the following publications: “Mémoire sur les combinaisons de l’iode avec les substances végétales et animales . . .,” in Annales de chimie, 90 (1814), 87–100; “Des recherches sur l’existence de l’iode dans l’eau de la mer et dans les plantes qui produisent la soude de varecks, et analyse de plusieurs plantes de la famille des algues,” ibid., 93 (1815), 75–110, 113–137; “Note sur une substance à laquelle on a donné le nom d’inuline,” ibid., 94 (1815), 200–208; and “Mémoire sur les matières colorantes de la garance,” ibid., 2nd ser., 48 (1831), 69–79.

A partial listing of Gaultier de Claubry’s articles is in the Royal Society of London, Catalogue of Scientific Papers (1800–1863), II (London, 1867), 787–788; VII (London, 1877), 746; IX (London, 1891), 974. Most of his articles dealing with various aspects of public health that were published in the Annales d’hygiène publique et de médecine légale can be located in two separate index vols., covering the periods 1829–1855 and 1854–1878, respectively. His Traité élémentaire de chimie légale was included in J. Briand and E. Chaudé, Manuel complet de médecine légale, 4th ed. (Paris, 1846), and several later eds. For additional works, see Catalogue général des livres imprimés de la Bibliothèque nationale, LVIII (Paris, 1914), 42–46.

II. Secondary Literature. See Centenaire de l’École supérieure de Pharmacié de l’Université de Paris, 1803–1903 (Paris, 1904), pp. 330–331; Fritz Ferchl, Chemisch-Pharmazeutisches Bio- und Bibliographikon (Mittenwald, 1937), p. 173; and G. Vapereau, Dictionnaire universel des contemporains, 5th ed. (Paris, 1880), 785. See also J. C. F. Hoefer, ed., Nouvelle biographic générale (Paris, 1867), 679; and Pierre Larousse, ed., Grand dictionnaire universel, 15 vols. (Paris, 1866–1876), VIII, 1086.

Alex Berman

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gaultier De Claubry, Henri-François." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Gaultier De Claubry, Henri-François." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gaultier-de-claubry-henri-francois

"Gaultier De Claubry, Henri-François." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Retrieved September 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gaultier-de-claubry-henri-francois

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.