Gardner, Isabella (1915–1981)
Gardner, Isabella (1915–1981)
American poet. Name variations: Isabella Stewart Gardner. Born Isabella Stewart Gardner, Sept 7, 1915, in Newton, Massachusetts; died July 7, 1981, in New York, NY; niece of art collector Isabella Stewart Gardner (1840–1924) and cousin of poet Robert Lowell; attended Foxcroft School; attended Embassy Theatre School; m. 2nd husband Maurice Seymour (div.); divorced 3rd husband (1957); m. 4th husband Allen Tate (poet and critic), 1959 (div. 1966).
Distinguished poet, 1st studied acting at Embassy Theatre School in London under Eileen Thorndike; acted professionally (1939–1944) in both England and US, primarily in character and comedy roles; moved to Chicago with 2nd husband during WWII; turned attention away from theater and towards poetry (1947); became associate editor of nation's most prominent poetry magazine, Poetry, working under Karl Shapiro (1951); published 1st book of poems, Birthdays from the Ocean (1955), which was received favorably by critics; wrote 2 significant volumes of poetry, The Looking Glass (1961) and West of Childhood (1965); gave readings throughout US and Europe, often with Allen Tate; published broadside Salt (1975); published That Was Then: New and Selected Poems (1979), which was nominated for American Book Award; had a strong influence on younger writers, particularly women poets, including Sylvia Plath; published posthumously, Isabella Gardner: The Collected Poems (1990). Received 1st Walt Whitman Citation of Merit (1981).
"Gardner, Isabella (1915–1981)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gardner-isabella-1915-1981
"Gardner, Isabella (1915–1981)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved April 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gardner-isabella-1915-1981
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.